There’s something inexplicable to the West about Hungarian right-wing politicians’ attitude towards them: they always seem to be wary of the West, especially the US (which has predominantly right-wing governments, policies and general attitude). Extremist parties tend to take this even further: Jobbik goes as far as to propose suppressing western corporations in favor of closer ties with Russia. This isn’t too surprising considering the fact that allegations of Russian sponsorship of Jobbik emerge every once in a while. However that’s just part of the symptom: Hungarians are generally vary of any foreign power. If one’s literate enough in the history of Hungary, he can see why: ever since the Treaty of Trianon Hungary felt like it’s been abused and exploited by the foreign powers: the Paris treaty of 1947 has seen the ceding of 3 additional villages to the newly reestablished Czechoslovakia. Later on Stalin has given consent to forceful deportation of native Hungarians first within Czechoslovakia, then their expulsion to Hungary. It was also the Soviet-ruled Russia that has crushed Hungary’s 1956 attempt at a “major communist reform” while America just sat back and washed its hands of it. It goes without saying that this “cowardly” step of the Yanks didn’t go unnoticed in Hungary either. Fast forward to the 2000s now. Hungary has become a member of the EU and even though it can (and does) delegate its own MEPs via elections, many Hungarians don’t understand the “eurobureaucracy” at all: they think that they don’t have a say in EU matters no matter the results of the MEP elections.
The other challenge Hungarian populace faces is its complete financial illiteracy: they were lured into the Ponzi schemes of the 1990s just as easily as into the banks’ risky CHF and EUR-based mortgage schemes of the 2000s. Just as in private life, these people have failed to realize the inherent dangers in increased government spending as well. And let’s be honest: they didn’t care either. The only financial issues they were concerned with were the (inherently) false promises of tax cuts, boosts of social welfare and generally any promise that would’ve involved the government giving them more money. This is what they were taught ever since the Kádár regime: just “behave” and we’ll keep your mouth shut with money. What they weren’t taught is that money doesn’t grow on trees and that all the subsidies were paid for by enormous (public) debts. The only man who’s arranged for paying off a significant portion of this debt is Lajos Bokros who’s been despised for the cuts (which has been dubbed the “Bokros package”) ever since.
Because of these two factors mentioned above an average Hungarian doesn’t seem to be able to understand why is ANY (financial) backing from IMF necessary. Therefore it doesn’t understand the reason Orbán goes out of his way to comply with their terms either. Even the somewhat more thoughtful see only that Hungary has to “kiss up” to an international organization backed by the West (namely EU and US) and that Orbán (not necessarily Hungary) has to do everything they say or else. The international outlashes against Hungary don’t help matters either. Sure, there are quite a few Hungarians who are aware of the dangerous situation Hungary (especially its budget) is and there are also some others who propose drastic budget cuts, big reforms in always all the government sectors and generally a smaller state (Lajos Bokros being their most prominent supporter), but their numbers are small and Orbán doesn’t listen to them either. The Fidesz instead seems to be toying with the idea of inflating themselves out of the debt, which MIGHT sound fine, but has a huge risk associated with it: hyperinflation. Since Hungary has already gotten a gigantic taste of what it feels like (and managed to set a world record in it which hasn’t been broken ever since) perhaps the combined efforts of IMF and EU are in fact an attempt to save them from their own doom.